Decision Making Model
An ethical perspective demands that we think far (about the serious long-term harm or help we can do to other people), wide (about rights, duties and fairness for all) and high (about our values and virtues). This decision making model was created by Dr. Kracher in 2009 and is used in nearly everything we do at The Alliance.
An ethical perspective demands that we think far (about the serious long-term harm or help we can do to other people), wide (about rights, duties and fairness for all) and high (about our values and virtues). We think far, wide, and high when we ask ourselves the following questions:
- What is the moral issue?
- What are the facts? What do we know about the situation? Are any facts left out that we need to find out about before we make a judgment about the situation or a make decision about what to do?
- Who are the stakeholders – parties that have a stake or interest in the outcome of the situation?
- What are the options? Use imagination. Think of three or four options not just two.
- For each of the options consider the relevant considerations:
- What’s in it for me/us? (Think far)
- Which option produces the greatest good for all concerned? (Think far)
- What do legal, professional, organizational, and human rights, duties, and responsibilities require? (Think wide)
- What is fair? (Think wide)
- What are the aspirations of the people and/or organizations involved? (Think high)
- Does this action enable us/them to be that person/that organization? (Think high)
- What if other people found out? Would there be a feeling of pride or a sense of embarrassment? (Think high)
- Balance all relevant considerations in 5: What is high, wide and far?
- State your judgment/state what you should do in this situation and why.